The following is a comprehensive set of pronunciation drills of similar-sounding Arabic letters which highlight the contrast between strong/emphatic and light/non-emphatic sounds in Arabic. The examples in these drills are arranged in pairs and might sound very similar in pronunciation. Notice the different meanings of these words in the numbered “Key to Vocabulary ” without the need to memorise them at this stage.
How to use this resource?
Practice reading these words aloud multiple times
Pay close attention to the subtle difference in pronunciation between the letters/sounds in the right vs. the left column.
Pair up with a study partner or a native speaker and practise reading the words together.
Note down which sounds you are finding difficult and which ones require more practice. Discuss them with your teacher.